Meta-Analysis the Effects of Stretching and Whole Body Vibration Exercise in Reducing Low Back Pain among Heavy Equipment Operator Workers


  • Melinda Febianca Gaurinindi Masters Program in Public Health, Universitas Sebelas Maret
  • Eti Poncorini Pamungkasari Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Sebelas Maret
  • Bhisma Murti Masters Program in Public Health, Universitas Sebelas Maret


Background: Low back pain is pain due to disc pressure on the nerves that come out through the gap between the vertebrae. Heavy equipment operators have a high risk of developing LBP due to prolonged sitting and vibrations from the machine. This will result in injury and also stiffness in the joints and spine. This study aims to analyze the effect of stretching and whole-body vibration exercise on reducing low back pain in heavy equipment operators/workers.

Subjects and Method: This is a meta-analytical study and a systematic review. The articles used were obtained from several electronic databases including Google Scholar, PubMed, Springer Link, Clinical key and ProQuest. The articles used in this study are articles that have been published from 2011-2021. The keywords used in the search were


Bolarinde SO, Babatunde SA, Adegoke B, Ayanniyi O (2017). Effects of stretching exercises on pain and functional disability in quarry workers with work-related low back pain. Saf Health Work. 9: 2. doi: 10.1017/S01467236(11)402378-7.

Dong Y, Huifang W, Yan Z, Chen B, Zheng Y, Liu X, Qiao J, et al. (2020). Effects of whole body vibration exercise on lumbar-abdominal muscles activetion for patients with chronic low back pain. Res Article BMC Sports Science Med Rehabil. 08(45): 34. doi: 10.1186/s13102-020-00226-4.

Franco KM, Franco YDS, Oliveira NBD, Miyamoto GC, Santos MO, Liebano RE, Cabral CN (2016). Is interferential current prior to Pilates exercises more effective than placebo in patients with chronic non-specific low back pain? A randomized controlled trial. Arch Phys Med Rehabil. 98(2):320-328. doi: 10.1016/j.apmr.2016.08.485.

Goodman DM, Burke AE, Livingston EH (2013). JAMA patient page. Low back pain. JAMA. 309(16):1738. doi: 10.1001/jama.2013.3046.

Hamalainen P, Takala J, Boon KT (2017). Perkiraan global kecelakaan kerja dan penyakit yang berhubungan dengan kerja. Kongres Dunia XXI tentang keselamatan dan kesehatan di tempat kerja (Global Estimates of Occupational Accidents and Work-Related Diseases. XXI World Congress on Occupational Safety and Health). Singapura: Lembaga Keselamatan dan Kesehatan Kerja.

Kaeding TS, Karch A, Schwarz R, Flor T, Wittke T-C, K

Miyamoto GC, Franco KFM, Dongen JMV, Franco YRDS, Oliveira NTBD, Amaral DDV, Branco ANC, et al. (2018). Different doses of Pilates-based exercise therapy for chronic low back pain: a randomised controlled trial with economic evaluation. Br J Sports Med. (13):859-868. doi: 10.1136/bjsports2017098825.

Nagrale AV, Patil SP, Gandhi RA, Learman K (2012). Effect of slump stretching versus lumbar mobilization with exercise in subjects with nonradicular low back pain: a randomized clinical trial. J Man Manip Ther. 20 (1): 35-42. doi: 10.1179/2042618611Y.0000000015.

Pozo-Cruz BD, Gusi N, Pozo-Cruz JD, Adsuar JC, Hernandez-Mochol

Pozo-Cruz BD, Mochol

Shamsi M B, Mirzaei M, Shahsavari S, Safari A, Saeb M (2020). Modeling the effect of static stretching and strengthening exercise in lengthened position on balance in low back pain subject with shortened hamstring: a randomized controlled clinical trial. BMC. Musculoskelet Disord. 7(3): 794-809. doi: 10.1186/s12891-020-03823-z.

Sherman KJ, Cherkin DC, Wellman RD, Cook AJ, Hawkes RJ, Delaney K, Deyo RA (2011). A randomized trial comparing yoga, stretching, and a self-care book for chronic low back pain. Arch Intern Med. 171(22): 2019-2026. doi: 10.1001/archinternmed.2011.524.

Valenza MC, Rodr

Wang P, Yang L, Liu C, Wei X, Yang X, Zhou Y, Jiang H, et al. (2016). Effects of whole body vibration exercise associated with quadriceps resistance exercise on functioning and quality of life in patients with knee osteoarthritis: a randomized controlled trial. Clin Rehabil. 30(11): 1074-1087. doi: 10.1177/0269215515607970.

Weissenfels A, Teschler M, Willert S, Hettchen M, Fr

Zheng Y-L, Wang X-F, Chen B-L, Gu W, Wang X, Xu B, Zhang J, et al. (2019). Effect of 12-week whole-body vibration exercise on lumbopelvic proprioception and pain control in young adults with nonspecific low back pain. Med Sci Monit. 25(3): 443-452. doi: 10.12659/MSM.912047.




How to Cite

Gaurinindi, M. F., Pamungkasari, E. P., & Murti, B. (2021). Meta-Analysis the Effects of Stretching and Whole Body Vibration Exercise in Reducing Low Back Pain among Heavy Equipment Operator Workers. Journal of Epidemiology and Public Health, 6(4), 426–437. Retrieved from




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