A Retrospective Study One-Year Survey from COVID-19: Three Waves and Three Patterns in Italy


  • Olga Kolesova Department of Public Health and Infectious Diseases, University of Rome
  • Flaminia Tomassetti Department of Life Sciences and Biotechnology, University of Ferrara, Ferrara
  • Paola Cerini Lifebrain srl; Viale Roma 190/A, Guidonia Montecelio, Rome
  • Laura Caldarelli RDI srl, Via del Santo, 147, Limena, Padua
  • Laura Marullo Lifebrain Campania, Via Nicola Bruni Grimaldi, 95, Nocera Inferiore, Salerno
  • Fulvio Cantore Lifebrain Puglia, Viale Virgilio, 97/A, Taranto
  • Elena Zocca Lifebrain Veneto, Via Marconi, 30, Piombino Dese, Padua
  • Maria Loredana Frassanito Lifebrain srl; Viale Roma 190/A, Guidonia Montecelio, Rome
  • Maria Teresa Quarantelli Lifebrain Campania, Via Nicola Bruni Grimaldi, 95, Nocera Inferiore, Salerno
  • Massimo Pieri Department of Experimental Medicine, University of Tor Vergata, Rome, Italy. http://orcid.org/0000-0002-3463-0268
  • Graziella Calugi Lifebrain srl; Viale Roma 190/A, Guidonia Montecelio, Rome


Background: Since December 2019 an unprecedented coronavirus pandemic (COVID-19) in Italy and in all the world, has been spreading. This study is a retrospective overview of Italian popula


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How to Cite

Kolesova, O., Tomassetti, F., Cerini, P., Caldarelli, L., Marullo, L., Cantore, F., Zocca, E., Frassanito, M. L., Quarantelli, M. T., Pieri, M., & Calugi, G. (2022). A Retrospective Study One-Year Survey from COVID-19: Three Waves and Three Patterns in Italy. Journal of Epidemiology and Public Health, 6(4), 392–401. Retrieved from https://jepublichealth.com/index.php/jepublichealth/article/view/359