Workplace Noise Pollution and It's Correlation with Hypertension: A Meta-Analysis


  • Muna Maimunah Salsabila Masters in Public Health, Universitas Sebelas Maret
  • Bhisma Murti Masters in Public Health, Universitas Sebelas Maret
  • Sumardiyono Sumardiyono Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Sebelas Maret


Background: Noise is identified as one of the most widespread physical factors in occupational health and safety (OHS) and is a problem in all regions of the world. Noise can be pathogenic if there is continuous and repeated exposure causing a persistent upregulation of vascular autoregulation resulting in hypertension. Epidemiological studies report an association between occupational noise exposure and hypertension. This study aims to determine the effect of noise exposure in the workplace on hypertension.

Subjects and Method: This study is a systematic review and meta-analysis with the following PICO, Population= workers, Intervention= occupational noise exposure ?85 dBA, Comparison= occupational noise exposure <85 dBA, Outcome= hypertension. The meta-analysis was carried out using search articles from databases such as Google Scholar, PubMed, and Science Direct, published from 2012 to 2022. The keywords used in the article search were


Attarchi M, Dehghan F, Safakhah F, Nojomi M, Mohammadi S (2012). Effect of exposure to occupational noise and shift working on blood pressure in rubber manufacturing company workers. Ind Health. 50(3): 205

Basner M, Babisch W, Davis A, Brink M, Clark C, Janssen S, Stansfeld S (2014). Auditory and non-auditory effects of noise on health. Lancet. 383(9925): 1325

Bluhm GL, Berglind N, Nordling E, Rosenlund M (2007). Road traffic noise and hypertension. Occup Environ Med. 64(2): 122

Bolm-Audorff U, Hegewald J, Pretzcsh A, Freiberg A, Nienhaus A, Seidler A (2020). Occupational noise and hypertension risk: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 17(17): 1

Brahem A, Riahi S, Chouchane A, Kacem I, Maalel OE, Maoua M, Guedri SE, et al. (2019). Impact of occupational noise on the development of arterial hypertension: survey carried out in an electricity production plant and gas in Tunisia. Ann Cardiol Angeiol (Paris). 68(3): 168

CEBM. (2014). Critical Appraisal of a Cross-Sectional Study (Survey) Appraisal questions. Available at:

Chang T-Y, Hwang B-F, Liu C-S, Chen R-Y, Wang V-S, Bao B-Y, Lai J-S (2013). Occupational noise exposure and incident hypertension in men: A prospective cohort study. Am J Epi-demiol. 177(8): 818

Chen S, Ni Y, Zhang L, Kong L, Lu L, Yang Z, Yang L, et al. (2017). Noise exposure in occupational setting associated with elevated blood pressure in China. BMC Public Health. 17(107): 1

de Souza TCF, P

Fu W, Wang C, Zou L, Liu Q, Gan Y, Yan S, Song F, et al. (2017). Association between exposure to noise and risk of hypertension: A meta-analysis of observational epidemiological stu-dies. J Hypertens. 35(12): 2358

Indriyanti LH, Wangi PK, Simanjuntak K (2019). Hubungan paparan kebisingan terhadap peningkatan tekanan darah pada pekerja (The Relationship of Noise exposure to increased blood pressure in workers). Jurnal Kedokteran dan Kesehatan. 15(1): 36-45. doi: 10.24853/jkk.15.1.3645.

Kalantary S, Dehghani A, Yekaninejad MR, Omidi L, Rahimzadeh M (2015). The effects of occupational noise on blood pressure and heart rate of workers in an automotive parts industry. ARYA Atheroscler. 11(4): 215

Kemenaker (2018). Peraturan Menteri Tenaga Kerja No 5/2018 K3 Lingkungan Kerja, Peraturan Menteri Ketenagakerjaan Republik Indonesia No 5 Tahun 2018 (Regulation of the Minister of Manpower No. 5/2018 K3 Work Environment, Regulation of the Minister of Manpower of the Republic of Indonesia No. 5 of 2018). Available at:

Kemenkes RI (2018). Hasil Riset Kesehatan Dasar Tahun 2018 (2018 Basic Health Research Results). Kementrian Kesehatan RI. 53(9): 1689

Kerns E, Masterson E, Themann CL, Calvert GM (2018). Cardiovascular conditions, hearing difficulty, and occupational noise exposure within US industries and occupations. American Journal of Industrial Medicine. 61(6): 477

Khairani S, Achmadi UF (2020). Analisis Hubungan tingkat kebisingan dengan kejadian hipertensi pada pekerja bagian refining di Pt X Tahun 2019 (Analysis of the relationship between noise levels and hypertension incidence in refining workers at Pt X in 2019). Jurnal Nasional Kesehatan Lingkungan Global. 1(3): 252

Li X, Dong Q, Wang B, Song H, Wang S, Zhu B (2019). The Influence of Occupational Noise Exposure on Cardiovascular and Hearing Conditions among Industrial Workers. Sci. Rep. 9(1): 1

Li Y, Chen G, Yu S (2015). Prevalence and influence factors of hypertension among the workers exposed to noise in steel making and steel rolling workshop of an iron and steel plant. Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue Za Zhi. 49(5): 405

Nserat S, Al-Musa A, Khader YS, Slaih AA, Iblan I (2017). Blood Pressure of Jordanian to Noise in Industrial Plants. Int J Occup Environ Med. 8(4): 217

Nuraini B (2015). Risk factors of hypertension. J Majority. 4(5): 10

Parameswarappa SB and Narayana J (2015). Original research article impact of noise on hearing and hypertension among workers in steel industry. 4(1): 124

Putra WS, Heriyani F, Djallalluddin (2020). Hubungan kebisingan rumah dengan kejadian hipertensi (Relationship between house noise and hypertension). Homeostatis. 03(1): 91

Sheppard A, Ralli M, Gilardi A, Salvi R (2020). Occupational noise: Auditory and non-auditory consequence. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 17(23): 1

Shrestha A, Shiqi M (2017). Occupational noise exposure in relation to hypertension: A Cross-sectional Study in the Steel Factory. Occupational Medicine & Health Affairs. 05(03): 1

Siyad AR (2011). Hypertension. HYGEIA: Journal for Drugs and Medicines. 3(2): 1

Sumardiyono, Wijayanti R, Hartono, Budiastuti MTS (2020). Pengaruh kebisingan terhadap tekanan darah, dengan stres kerja sebagai variabel mediator (The effect of noise on blood pressure, with work stress as a mediator variable). Jurnal Kesehatan Vokasional. 5(2): 124. doi: 10.22146/jkesvo.54088.

Yang Y, Zhang E, Zhang J, Chen S, Yu G, Liu X, Peng C, et al. (2018). Relationship between occupational noise exposure and the risk factors of cardiovascular disease in China A meta-analysis. Medicine. 97(30). doi: 10.1097/MD.0000000000011720.

Zainudin M, Harahap PS, Mirsiyanto E (2020). Analisis intensitas dan lama paparan kebisingan (Analysis of intensity and duration of noise exposure). e-SEHAD. 1(1): 65




How to Cite

Salsabila, M. M., Murti, B., & Sumardiyono, S. (2022). Workplace Noise Pollution and It’s Correlation with Hypertension: A Meta-Analysis. Journal of Epidemiology and Public Health, 7(3), 344–354. Retrieved from




Most read articles by the same author(s)

> >>