The Effect of Metformin Use on Mortality of COVID-19 Patients with Diabetes Mellitus


  • Dini Hapsari Masters Program of Public Health Science, Universitas Sebelas Maret
  • Dwi Trisnawati Zainal Masters Program of Public Health Science, Universitas Sebelas Maret


Background: COVID-19 is a disease caused by infection with the Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus-2 (SARS-CoV-2). COVID-19 is still a worldwide threat because of its high morbidity and mortality. This is influenced by the occurrence of hypertension, obesity, age and diabetes mellitus. However, currently there is still controversy in the results of research regarding the use of metformin in COVID-19 with type 2 diabetes mellitus (type 2 DM). This study was aimed to analyze the effect of metformin in COVID-19 patients with diabetes mellitus on mortality rates.Subjects and Method: This study was a systematic review and meta-analysis with the following PICO. P: COVID-19 patient with type-2 diabetes mellitus. I: administration of metformin therapy. C: therapy other than metformin and O: mortality. The articles used in this study were obtained from several databases, namely PubMed, Science Direct, Proquest, SpringerLink, Google Scholar and Scopus. The article search keywords were:


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How to Cite

Hapsari, D., & Zainal, D. T. (2022). The Effect of Metformin Use on Mortality of COVID-19 Patients with Diabetes Mellitus. Journal of Epidemiology and Public Health, 7(2), 221–231. Retrieved from