Socioeconomic Determinants of Healthy Ageing and the Contextual Effect of Peer Group: A Multilevel Evidence from Blora, Central Java

Niena Ayu Cahyaningtyas, Aris Sudiyanto, RB. Soemanto

Abstract

Background: Healthy ageing is about "optimizing opportunities for good health, so that older people can take an active part in society and enjoy an independent and high quality of life". This study aimed to examine the socioeconomic determinants of healthy ageing and the contextual effect of peer group in Blora, Central Java.

Subjects and Method: This was a cross-sectional study conducted in Blora, Central Java.A sample of 200 elderly was selected for this study by snowball sampling. The dependent variable was healthy ageing. The independent variables were nutrition intake, age, religiosity, education, and perceived financial position. Data on healthy ageing was collected by WHOQOL-BREF. The other variables were measured by questionnaire. The data were analyzed by a multilevel model.

Results: Healthy ageing was positively affected by strong religous belief (b= 6.75; 95% CI= 3.91 to 9.59; p<0.001), better education (b= 8.16; 95% CI= 4.26 to 12.07; p<0.001), better perceived financial position (b= 6.46; 95% CI= 2.86 to 10.07; p<0.001), and good nutritional status (b= 6.79; 95% CI= 3.76 to 9.83; p<0.001).

Conclusion: Healthy ageing is positively affected by strong religous belief, better education, better perceived financial position, and good nutritional status.

Keywords: healthy ageing, religious belief, elderly, ageing, peer support group

Correspondence: Niena Ayu Cahyaningtyas. Masters Program in Public Health, Universitas Sebelas Maret, Jl Ir. Sutami 36A, Surakarta 57126, Central Java. Email: niena.ayu21@gmail.com. Mobile: 085640776171

Journal of Epidemiology and Public Health (2019), 4(1): 30-36
https://doi.org/10.26911/jepublichealth.2019.04.01.04

 

Full Text:

PDF

References

Abikusno N (2013). Kelanjutusiaan Sehat Menuju Masyarakat Sehat untuk Segala Usia. Buletin Jendela Data dan Informasi Kesehatan: Semester 1 2013, 25-28.

Adams C (2014). Religious People Much Happier and Have More Life Satisfication than Others. Daily Mail. Diunduh dari http://dailymail.co.uk.

Alavinia SM, Burdorf A (2008). Unemployment and Retirement and Ill-Health: A Cross Sectional Analysis Across European Countries. Int Arch Occup Environ Health : 82, 39-45.

Beard JR, Carvalho IA, Officer A, Thiyagarajan JA (2017). Bulletin World Health Organization. 95: 730-730A.

Benach J, Muntaner C, Emconet (2011). Employment and Working Conditions as Health Determinants. Geneva: World Health Organization.

Cao J, Rammohan A (2016). Social Capital and Healthy Ageing in Indonesia. BMC Public Health. 16, 631.

Chakravarty SR (2006). The Measurement of Social Exclusion. Review of Income and Wealth. 52(3): 377-397.

Didem EE, Filiz E, Gulnur S, Erdal B (2012). Local Decision Makers’ Awareness of The Social Determinants of Health in Turkey: A CrossSectional Study. BMC Public Health: 12, 437.

Duplaga M (2016). Health Promotion and Prevention of Risk – Action for Seniors. Poland : ProHealth 65+.

EUOSHA, Cedefop, Eurofound, EIGE on ageing and demographic change. (2017). Towards Age Freindly Work in Europe: A Life Course Perspective on Work and Ageing from EU Agencies. Luxemburg: EUOSHA, Cedefop, Eurofound, EIGE on ageing and demographic change.

Francis LJ, Yablon YB, Robbins M (2014). Religion and happiness: A study among female undergraduate students in Israel. International Journal of International Journal of Jewish Education Research (IJJER). 7:77-92.

Fuchs J, Nave CS, Hinrichs T, Mergenthaler A, Stein J, Heller SGR, Grill E (2013). Indicators for Healthy Ageing – A Debate. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 10: 6630-6644.

Hammig O, Bauer GF (2013). The Social Gradient in Work and Health: A Cross-Sectional Study Exploring the Relationship between Working Conditions and Health Inequities. BMC Public Health : 13, 1-13.

Handayani A (2010). Hubungan Kepuasan Kerja dan Dukungan Sosial dengan Persepsi Perubahan Organisasi. Insan. 12(3): 127-136.

Help Age International (2015). Ageing Population in Indonesia. Tersedia di http://ageingasia.org/ageing population indonesia/. Diakses pada 29 September 2017.

Isfandari S (2012). Quality of Life of Indonesian Senior Citizens: Living in Extended Family as A Determinant Factors of Mental Health Status. Buletin Penelitian Sistem Kesehatan: 15(2): 120-125.

Jang SN, Choi YJ, Kim DH (2008). Association of Socioeconomic Status with Successfull Ageing: Differences in The Components of Successfull Ageing. J. biosoc.Sci. 41: 207-219.

Kadarwati, Soemanto RB, Murti B (2017). The influence of Family support, Social Capital, Self Eficacy, Education, Employment, Income and Residential status on the Quality of Life Among Elderly in Salatiga, Central Java. Journal of Epidemiology and Public Health (2017), 2(1): 58-69.

Laksono AD, Rachmawaty T (2013). Tantangan Determinan Sosial Kesehatan Ibu dan Anak di Indonesia. Research Gate : 1-18.

Lima MG, Barros MBA, Cesar CLG, Goldbaum M, Carandina L, Ciconelli RM (2009). Health Related Quality of Life Among The Elderly: A Population-Based Study Using SF 36 Survey. Cad. Saude Publica, Rio de Janeiro. 25(10): 2159-2167.

Malderen LV, Mets T, Vriendt PD, Gorus E (2013). The Active Ageing Concept Translated to The Residential Long Term Care. Quality of Life Research. 22: 929-937.

Marc LG, Raue PJ, Bruce ML (2008). Screening Performance of the Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS-15) in a Diverse Elderly Home Care Population. Am J Geriatr Psychiatry. 16(11): 914-921.

Marmot M, Allen JJ (2014). Social Determinants of Health Equity. American Journal of Public Health. 104(S4): S517-S519.

Mokdad AH, Remington PL (2010). Measuring Health Behaviour in Populations. Preventing Chronic Disease. 7(4): 1-7.

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.