Factors Associated with Family Consent to Organ Donation in Qatar: Results from a Household Survey

Rajvir Singh, Betsy Varughes, Ayman El-Menyar, Saad Shahbal, Yousuf Al Maslamani, Amar Salam, Hassan Al Thani

Abstract

Background: Family consent and organ donors rates are co-linear to each other. The low consent rate can be influenced by socioeconomic and behavioral factors in the population. This study aimed to assess the influence of sociodemographic and behavioral factors on family consent for organ donation in the household population.

Subjects dan Method: This is a secondary data analysis of the cross-sectional research design of 1044 household participants conducted in Qatar on organ donation between October and November 2016. A two-stage systematic random sampling was applied to collect data. The dependent variable was family consent. The independent variables were demographic and behavioral factors such as knowledge, attitude, intention, and beliefs about organ donation. Data were collected using household survey Questionnaire and analysed using Student t-tests (unpaired), chi-square tests, and multivariate logistic regression analysis. C-statistics was applied to see discriminate accury of the developed regression model for family consent.

Results: Attitude (aOR= 1.73; 95%CI= 1.28 to 2.34; p= 0.001) and Intention (aOR= 7.50; 95%CI= 4.04 to 13.92; p= 0.001) factors were significantly associated to family consent to increase organ donation registration whereas; control belief (aOR= 0.74; 95%CI= 0.55 to 0.99; p= 0.050) was negatively associated to family consent. Knowledge (aOR= 1.63; 95%CI= 0.55 to 4.80; p= 0.380), behavioral belief (aOR= 1.11; 95%CI= 0.77 to 1.61; p= 0.580), heard organ donation (aOR= 1.12; 95%CI= 0.71 to 1.76; p= 0.630), registered for organ donation (aOR= 1.11; 95%CI= 0.50 to 2.46; p= 0.800), and donated any organ/blood/tissue (aOR= 1.63; 95%CI= 0.55 to 4.80; p= 0.380) factors were not statistically significant to family consent to increase organ donation registration.

Conclusion: Attitude and intention can increase family consent to organ donation registration.

Keywords: Family consent, intention, attitude, knowledge, organ donation.

Correspondence: Rajvir Singh, Cardiology Research Center, Heart Hospital, Hamad Medical Corporation (HMC), Doha, Qatar, Post Box: 3050; email: rajvir.aiims@gmail.com. Mobile: 97455897044.

Journal of Epidemiology and Public Health (2022), 07(04): 520-534
https://doi.org/10.26911/jepublichealth.2022.07.04.09

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