Meta Analysis the Association between Social Support and Quality of Life of People Living with HIV/AIDS

Maria Regina Tri Yonita, Setyo Sri Rahardjo, Bhisma Murti

Abstract

Background: Social support is a form of interpersonal relationship where the social environment provides assistance in the form of emotional attention, instrumental assistance, providing information, appreciation or assess­ment to individual sufferers. Lack of social support will lead to a decline in physical and mental conditions, which can cause a person to be lazy to carry out routine daily self-care acti­vities. As a result, people with HIV/AIDS do not adhere to treatment programs. If a person with HIV/AIDS does not regularly take anti-retroviral (ARV) for a long time, this will great­ly affect the quality of life for people with HIV/ AIDS. This study aims to examine the relation­ship between social support and quality of life in people with HIV / AIDS.

Subjects and Method: This was a meta-analysis study conducted by systematically reviewing articles from PubMed, Science Direct, Springer Link, and Google Scholar. The articles used in this research are articles that have been published from 2010-2020. The search for articles was carried out by consi­der­ing the eligibility criteria using the PICO model, P: people living with HIV/AIDS, I: strong social support, C: weak social support, O: Quality of life. The keywords for finding articles were as follows: "people living with HIV/AIDS "AND" social support "OR" family support "OR" care relationship "AND" quality of life "AND" cross sectional "AND" multivariate ". The inclusion criteria used were full paper, used English, cross-sectional study design and results reported adjusted odds ratio. Articles were collected using PRISMA diagrams, and analy­zed using the Review Manager 5.3 application.

Results: The meta-analysis was carried out on 8 articles in this study with a sample size of 2,719. The results of a meta-analysis with a cross-sectional study showed that people living with HIV/AIDS with strong social support improved their quality of life (aOR= 2.82; 95% CI= 2.26 to 3.53; p <0.001).

Conclusion: Strong social support can improve the quality of life for people with HIV / AIDS.

Keywords: Quality of life, social support, people with HIV / AIDS, meta-analysis

Correspondence: Maria Regina Tri Yonita. Masters Program in Public Health. Universitas Sebelas Maret, Jl. Ir. Sutami 36A, Surakarta 57126, Jawa Tengah, Indonesia. Email:  mreginatry@gmail.com

Journal of Epidemiology and Public Health (2020), 05(04): 435-441
https://doi.org/10.26911/jepublichealth.2020.05.04.05.

 

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