Meta Analysis the Effect of Body Mass Index on the Flat Foot Incidence

Philipus Prihantiko Kurniagung, Dono Indarto, Setyo Sri Rahardjo

Abstract

Background: Musculoskeletal disorders in the form of flat foot, back pain and knee pain are often found in people who are obese. Flat foot is a musculoletal disorder characterized by a decrease or decrease in the height of the medial arch as a parameter, especially those that can be observed and measured in height. This study aims to estimate the average size of the effect of BMI on the risk of flat foot.

Subjects and Method: Meta-analysis study and systematic reviews were applied to this study using the electronic database Pubmed, Science Direct, Google Scholar and Springer Link. Keywords to search for articles are as follows: "flat foot", "adult flat foot", "Flexible Flat Foot", "Body Mass Index", "Pediatric flat foot", "pes planus", "obesity", "overweight", "Ado­lescent flat foot". Articles were collected using PRISMA diagrams, and analyzed using the Review Manager 5.3 application.

Results: Meta-analysis of 4 cross-sectional articles of obese individuals (aOR= 3.10; 95% CI= 1.80 to 5.32 p= 0.001); Meta-analysis of 2 case-control articles, obese individuals (aOR= 5.49; 95% CI= 1.33 to 22.61; p= 0.07). Meta-analysis of 3 cohort articles of obese individuals (aOR= 1.64; 95% CI= 1.34 to 2.02; p<0.001); Obesity is a risk factor that can increase the incidence of flat foot.

Conclusion: Obesity is a risk factor that can increase the incidence of flat foot.

Keywords: Obesity, flat foot, risk factors

Correspondence: Philipus Prihantiko Kurniagung. Masters Pro­gram in Public Health. Universitas Sebe­las Maret. Jl. Ir. Sutami 36A, Surakarta 57126, Central Java, Indonesia. Email: pri­hantiko­@gmail.com. Mobile:089688103450.

Journal of Epidemiology and Public Health (2020), 05(03): 329-338
https://doi.org/10.26911/jepublichealth.2020.05.03.07.

 

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