Factors Related to Depression Level among Malaysian Students Batch 2015-2018 in Universitas Sumatera Utara

Jesvinder Amaiappan, Putri Chairani Eyanoer

Abstract

Background: Depression is the most common psychological disorder encountered and is a disorder that is mainly characterized by sad and depressed emotional conditions and is associa­ted with cognitive, physical, and interpersonal symptoms. Depression has several things such as loss of energy, changes in appetite, lack of sleep, restlessness, decreased concentration, doubt, anxiety, feelings of worthlessness, guilt or despair, and thoughts of self-harm or sui­cidal ideation. This study aimed to investigate the factors related to depression in Malaysian students in Universitas Sumatera Utara.

Subjects and Method: This was a cross-sectional study conducted at the Universitas Sumatera Utara, Indonesia, from September to October 2019. A total of 100 2nd and 3rd semes­ter Malaysian students from Faculty of Medi­cine, Faculty of Dentistry, and Faculty of Phar­macy, in Universitas Sumatera Utara, who live in Medan were selected by consecutive sam­pling. The dependent variable was depres­sion. The independent variables were social adap­ta­tion, academic achievement, loneliness/ home­sickness, culture shock, and study pres­sure. Depression level was measured by the Korean version of the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale (CES-D) question­naire that was validated using the Mini Inter­national Neuropsychiatric Interview (MINI).

Results: From 100 students, the average age of 22 years (Mean= 22; SD= 1.58). Social adaptation, academic achievement, loneliness, culture shock, and study pressure were posi­tively associated with depression in Malaysian students batch 2015-2018, Universitas Suma­tera Utara.

Conclusion: Social adaptation, academic achievement, loneliness, culture shock, and study pressure are posi­tively associated with depression in Malaysian students.

Keywords: depression, social adaptation, culture shock, Malaysian students

Correspondence: Putri Chairani Eyanoer. Department of Com­munity and Preventive Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Sumatera Utara, Medan, Indonesia. Email:putrieyanoer@usu.ac.id. Mobile: +62-813 7023-2513.

Journal of Epidemiology and Public Health (2020), 05(02): 207-217
https://doi.org/10.26911/jepublichealth.2020.05.02.08

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