Family Support on the Adherence to Nutrition Intake among Adults with Primary Hypertension in Kalanganyar, Lebak, Banten, Indonesia

Chandra Tri Wahyudi, Arief Wahyudi Jadmiko, Ritanti Ritanti

Abstract

Background:  An example of hypertension ma­na­gement is compliance with the management of nutritional needs according to the hyper­ten­sion dietary guidelines. Adherence to a hyper­ten­sion diet can be influenced by family support. In Kala­ng­anyar, Lebak, Banten, Indonesia, there is a phe­n­o­menon that many hypertension pa­ti­ents’ are less compliant with dietary management and allegedly due to lack of family support. This study aimed to examine the family support on the ad­herence to nutrition intake in primary hyper­ten­sion patients.

Subjects and Method: This was a cross sec­tio­nal study conducted in Kalanganyar, Lebak, Ban­ten, Indonesia. A total of 174 adults with primary hypertension was selected for this study. The de­pe­n­­­dent variable was Adherence to Nutrition in­ta­ke. The independent variables were age, gen­der, level of education, duration of hypertension, and family support. The data were collected by ques­tion­naire and analyzed using a multiple logistic re­gres­sion.

Results: Adherence to nutrition intake among hypertension patients increased with female (OR= 2.46; 95% CI= 1.19 to 5.14; p= 0.016), good  family support (OR= 2.92; 95% CI= 1.50 to 5.70; p= 0.002), and acute hypertension (OR= 2.41; 95% CI= 1.18 to 4.94; p= 0.015). Older age (OR= 0.31; 95% CI= 0.21 to 4.65; p= 0.398) and low education (OR= 2.00; 95% CI= 0.43 to 9.35; p= 0.375) were not statistically associated with adherence to nutrition intake among hy­per­tensive pa­tients.

Conclusion: Adherence to nutrition intake among adults with primary hypertension was associated with gender, supportive family, and period of hy­per­tension.

Keywords: hypertension, nutrition intake, family support

Correspondence: Chandra Tri Wahyudi. Faculty of Health Science, Universitas Pembangunan Nasional Veteran Ja­karta. Jl. Limo Raya, Kota Depok. Email: chan.­tw­.1987@gmail.com. Mobile: +628-2299481234

Journal of Epidemiology and Public Health (2020), 05(02): 132-140
https://doi.org/10.26911/jepublichealth.2020.05.02.01

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