Physical Activity, Obesity, Family History, and Their Associations with Hypertension among the Elderly in Aceh Singkil, Aceh

Ricca Nophia Amra, Fazidah Aguslina Siregar, Erna Mutiara


Background: Hypertension is an important global health challenge due to its high prevalence and resulting cardiovascular disease and chronic kidney disease. This study aimed to examine the associations of physical activity, obesity, family history, with hypertension among the elderly in Aceh Singkil, Aceh.

Subjects and Method: This was a case control study carried out in Aceh Singkil, Aceh, Indo­ne­sia. A sample of 132 elderly was selected for this study, consis­t­ing 66 elderly with hyper­tension and 66 elderly without hypertension. The depen­dent variable was hypertension. The independent variables were physical activity, obesity, and fa­mily history. Hypertension data was measured by sphygmo­ma­nometer. The other data were collected by qu­e­s­tionnaire. The data were analy­zed by a multiple logistic regression model.

Results: Hypertension was associated with phy­sical inactivity (OR= 5.12; 95% CI=2.41 to 10.86; p<0.001), obesity (OR= 3.30; 95% CI= 1.61 to 6.74; p<0.001), and family history (OR=7.73; 95% CI=3.56 to 16.78; p<0.001).

Conclusion: Physical activity, obesity, and fa­mily history, are associated with an increased risk of hypertension.

Keywords: physical activity, obesity, family history, hypertension

Correspondence: Ricca Nophia Amra. Masters Program in Public Health, Universitas Sumatera Utara, Medan, North Sumatera. Email: ricca.ubudiyah­@­gmail.­com. Mobile: 085260686305

Journal of Epidemiology and Public Health (2020), 5(1): 45-51

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