Determinants of Acute Respiratory Infection in Children Under Five in Simalingkar, Medan, North Sumatera

Lasma Maria, Maestro Simanjuntak, Thomas Silangit, Jekson Martiar Siahaan

Abstract

Background: Acute Respiratory Infection (ARI) is still one of the health problems in developed and developing countries including Indonesia. ARI is the most common disease in outpatients in North Sumatra, especially in Medan. This study aims to find out about the factors that influence ARI in toddlers in Sima­ling­kar Health Center Me­dan, including nutri­tional status, birth weight, history of im­muni­zation, exclusive breastfeeding, and parental smoking status.

Subjects and Method: This was a cross sec­tional study. The sample used was all toddlers who came to the Simalingkar health center, amoun­ting to 100 people. Data collec­tion was carried out using interviews and ana­ly­sis was carried out using bivariate and mul­tivariate with multiple logistic regression.

Results: The results showed that there was a significant influence between nutritional status, exclusive breastfeeding and parental smoking status with the incidence of ARI in infants.

Conclusion: The results showed that there was a significant influence between nutritional status, exclusive breastfeeding and parental smoking status with the incidence of ARI in infants.

Keywords: acute respiratory infection, child­ren under five

Correspondence: Lasma Maria. Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Methodist Indonesia, Medan Email: lasmamaria12­@gmail.com

Journal of Epidemiology and Public Health (2020), 5(1): 26-30
https://doi.org/10.26911/jepublichealth.2020.05.01.03

Full Text:

PDF

References

Alemayehu S, Kidanu K, Kahsay T, Kassa M (2019). Risk factors of acute respiratory infections among under five children attending public hospitals in southern Tigray, Ethiopia, 2016/2017. BMC Pediatr. 19: 380. https://doi.org/10.1186/s1288701917671.


Aryani N, Syapitri H (2016). Hubungan kebiasaan merokok anggota keluarga di dalam rumah dengan ISPA pada balita di Puskesmas Helvetia Tahun 2016 (The effect of smoking habits of family members at home with ARI in infants at Helvetia Health Center in 2016). Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat dan Lingkungan Hidup. 3(1): 29-37. Retrieved from http://ejournal.sarimutiara.acid/index.php/Kesehatan_Masyarakat/article/view/593.


Bates M, Chandyo RK, ValentinerBranth P, Pokhrel AK, Mathisen M, Basnet S, Shrestha PS, Strand TA, Smith KR (2013). Acute lower respiratory infection in childhood and household fuel use in Bakhtapur, Nepal. Environmental Health Perspectiv. 121(5): 637-42. doi: 10.1289/ehp.1205491


Department of Health (2011). Pedoman pengendalian infeksi saluran pernapasan akut (Guidelines for controlling acute respiratory infections). Direktorat Jenderal Pengendalian Penyakit dan Penyehatan Lingkungan.


Medhyna V (2017). Faktor yang mempengaruhi kejadian ISPA pada bayi usia 4 sampai 6 bulan (Factors affecting the incidence of ARI in infants aged 4 to 6 months). Jurnal human care. 2(1).


Ministry of Health (2010). Pedoman pengendalian infeksi saluran pernafasan akut (Guidelines for controlling acute respiratory infections).


Pajeriaty (2018). Faktor yang berhubungan dengan kejadian infeksi saluran pernapasan akut (ISPA) pada pasien anak balita (1-5 tahun) di RSUD Haji Makassar (Factors related to the incidence of acute respiratory infections (ARI) in patients under five (1-5 years) at Haji Makassar Hospital). Jurnal Ilmiah Kesehatan Diagnosis. 12(5): 512.


Rahman A, Nur FA (2015). Hubungan pemberian ASI eksklusif dengan kejadian penyakit infeksi saluran pernafasan akut pada anak balita di wilayah kerja Puskesmas Managaisaki (The relationship of exclusive breastfeeding with the incidence of acute respiratory tract infections in children under five in the working area of Managaisaki Health Center). Jurnal Kesehatan Tadulako. 1(1).


Tallo KT, Suandi IKG, Wandita S (2012). The effect of exclusive breastfeeding on reducing acute respiratory infections in low birth weight infants. 54(2): 229. https://doi.org/10.14238pi52.4.2012.22932.


Trisnawati Y, Juwarni (2013). Hubungan perilaku merokok orang tua dengan kejadian ISPA pada balita di wilayah kerja Puskesmas Rembang Kabupaten Purbalingga 2012 (The effect of smoking behavior of parents with ARI events in infants in the working area of Rembang Public Health Center in Purbalingga Regency 2012). Jurnal Kesmasindo. 6(1): 35-42.


Tromp I, Kieftede Jong J, Raat H, Jaddoe V, Franco O, Hofman A, de Jongste J, Moll H (2017). Breastfeeding and the risk of respiratory tract infections after infancy: The Generation R Study. 12(2): e0172763. https://dx.doi.org/10.1371%2Fjournal.pone.0172763


Wahyono D, Hapsari I, Astuti IWB (2008). Pola pengobatan infeksi saluran pernapasan akut anak usia bawah lima tahun (balita) rawat jalan di Puskesmas I Purwareja Klampok Kabupaten Banjarnegara tahun 2004 (The pattern of treatment of acute respiratory tract infections of children under five years old (toddlers) outpatient in Puskesmas I Purwareja Klampok Banjarnegara District in 2004). Majalah Farmasi Indonesia. 19(1).


World Health Organization (2008). Pencegahan dan Pengendalian ISPA di Fasilitas Pelayanan Kesehatan (Prevention and Control of ARI in Health Care Facilities). Retrieved from http://www.who.int/csr/resources/publications/AMpandemicbahasa.pdf.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.