Determinants of Compliance in Conducting Physiotherapy Among Patients with Low Back Pain in Medan Hospital, North Sumatera

Anita Andriany, Erna Mutiara, Halinda Sari Lubis



Background: Lower back pain (LBP) is a symptom of pain that occurs in the lower back area. It is often experienced to those who have activities with the wrong posture. Based on visit data, the high proportion of non-compliance in conducting physiotherapy among LBP patients in Medan Regional Hospital in 2016 was 71.7%. This study aimed to examine determinants of compliance in conducting physiotherapy among patients with LBP in Medan Hospital, North Sumatera.

Subjects and Method: This was a cross sectional study conducted at Medan Hospital, Sumatera Utara. A sample of 125 LBP patients was selected for this study by simple random sampling. The dependent variable was compliance to LBP physiotherapy. The independent variables were employment status, marital status, and family support. The data were obtained from medical record and questionnaire. The data were analyzed by a multiple logistic regression.

Results: Compliance to LBP physiotherapy increased with married (OR= 1.31; 95% CI 0.78 to 2.23; p= 0.310), occupation (OR= 1.83; 95%CI= 1.12 to 3.02; p= 0.017), and family support (OR= 0.83; 95% CI= 0.36 to 1.89; p= 0.652).

Conclusion: Compliance to LBP physiotherapy increases with married, occupation, and family support.

Keywords: ccompliance, pphysiotherapy, low back pain, patients

Correspondence: Anita Andriany. Masters Program in Public Health, Universitas Sumatera Utara, Jl. Universitas 21, Medan 20155, North Sumatera, Indonesia. Email: dr.anita.andriany@­ Mobile:  +628­1262023731.

Journal of Epidemiology and Public Health (2019), 4(4): 314-319

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